Nitrogen element properties

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Name: Nitrogen Symbol: N
Group: Non-Metal Atomic weight: 14.0067
Density @ 293 K: 0.0012506 g/cm3 Atomic volume: 17.3 cm3/mol
Group: Non-Metal discovered: 1772


state (s, l, g): g
melting point: 63.34 K boiling point: 77.4 K
Heat of fusion: 0.3604 kJ/mol Heat of vaporization: 2.7928 kJ/mol


1st ionization energy: 1402.3 kJ/mole
electronegativity: 3.04 2nd ionization energy: 2856 kJ/mole
electron affinity: -6.75 kJ/mole 3rd ionization energy: 4578 kJ/mole
Specific heat: 1.04 J/gK heat atomization: 473 kJ/mole atoms

Oxidation & Electrons:

Shells: 2,5 electron configuration: [He] 2s2 2p3
minimum oxidation number: -3 maximum oxidation number: 5
min. common oxidation no.: -3 max. common oxidation no.: 5

Appearance & Characteristics:

structure: color: colorless
uses: fertilizer, cryogenics toxicity: no
hardness: mohs characteristics: diatomic(N2)


reaction with air: none
reaction with 6M HCl: none reaction with 6M HCl: none
reaction with 15M HNO3: none reaction with 6M NaOH: none

Other Forms:

number of isotopes: 2 hydride(s): NH3 N2H4 HN3
oxide(s): N2O NO NO2 N2O5 chloride(s): NCl3


ionic radius (2- ion): pm ionic radius (1- ion): pm
atomic radius: 70 pm ionic radius (1+ ion): pm
ionic radius (2+ ion): pm ionic radius (3+ ion): 30 pm


thermal conductivity: 0.03 J/m-sec-deg
electrical conductivity: 0 1/mohm-cm polarizability: 1.1 A^3


source: Air
rel. abund. solar system: 6.496 log abundance earth's crust: 1.3 log
cost, pure: 0.4 $/100g cost, bulk: $/100g

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